Just like humans, animals can be affected by infectious diseases, some of which can be transferred to humans. As responsible pet owners that want to keep your animals safe and healthy, we highly recommend that you vaccinate them in line with current guidelines.
Puppies and Kittens
Puppies and kittens receive initial protection against infectious diseases from their mother’s milk as long as she has been regularly vaccinated. However, this protection only lasts for a few weeks and so your new addition will need to be vaccinated from an early age. Many puppies or kittens will go to their new homes having already received their first vaccinations but check with their former owner when you collect them. If they have not yet been vaccinated, we recommend that get their first vaccinations done as soon as possible after taking ownership of them.
As a guideline:
Puppies should be vaccinated at 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age.
Kittens should also be vaccinated at 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age.
The next FVRCP for cats and DHPP for dogs is then done 1 year later and then every 3 years.
Your canine friend should be routinely vaccinated against the following:
This is one of the most crucial vaccines that your dog will need to get. This vaccine should be given 1 year after the initial vaccinations and done every 3 years following.
Spread by bodily fluid contact, there is no specific treatment, and dogs with severe symptoms often die. Those who survive commonly have neurological difficulties later in life. Symptoms include fever, coughing, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Spread by contact with feces from infected dogs, it mainly affects puppies, but can also be seen in dogs that have not had regular booster vaccinations. Symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea and dehydration. Without treatment, 80% of dogs with parvovirus will die. The treatment has an approximately 85% success rate.
Infection is passed via bodily fluid contamination, and the virus can survive in the environment for prolonged periods. There are two types of the virus, a kennel cough type infection, and a liver infection (hepatitis). Symptoms are almost identical to parvovirus. The symptoms can be treated rather than the main disease, but most dogs will survive.
If your dog is going to spending time in kennels they may also be vaccinated via the nostril against kennel cough, which is a combination of parainfluenza virus and bordetella bronchiseptica
Dogs traveling abroad should also be given a rabies vaccine
A bacteria-based disease usually spread by infected water. It causes fever, lethargy, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and jaundice in your pet. Severe infections can cause organ failure and death. It can be treated by antibiotics but the bacteria can be carried for months afterward and their urine will remain a health hazard to both other animals and humans. Leptospirosis in humans can be fatal.
With rattlesnakes in the area, this is an important vaccine to get. Many people don't think it is necessary, but if your dog is bitten, the vaccine could save its life.
Your feline friend should be routinely vaccinated against the following:
This is a very important vaccination to give to your cat, especially if it is an outdoor cat. These vaccinations should be administered 1 year after the initial vaccinations and every year following.
Commonly called ‘cat flu’ as its symptoms include sneezing, fever, discharge from the nose and eyes, and mouth ulcers. Spreads via cat to cat contact, airborne contact, or contamination of the living environment. Vaccination prevents some strains but not all.
Spread by the saliva or discharge from the nose and eyes in infected cats, it can also survive in its environment. Like feline calicivirus, it is a type of ‘cat flu’ as its symptoms include fever, sneezing, conjunctivitis, and discharge from the eyes. Once a cat has had feline herpes it is infected for life and may suffer recurrent flare-ups that are treated with antibiotics and eye drops.
Spread by the feces and urine of infected cats, this virus attacks their immune system leaving the animal unable to fight infection. Pregnant cats can transmit the disease to their kittens while they are in the womb. Symptoms include fever, seizures, vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.
This disease is thought to require very close contact of infected cats to be spread, such as milk from mother to kitten or bite wounds. Much more common in city areas, and among un-neutered and stray cats. Multi-cat households also present a higher risk. The symptoms include poor body condition and coat, anorexia, diarrhea, and jaundice. The virus attacks the bone marrow which results in leukemia and sometimes lymphoma.